GetVi | What are the elements of motivation? - GetVi

What are the elements of motivation?

Motivation / April 19, 2023

Daniel Pink is a modern writer on business & management, with a strong focus on the changing nature of work and the workplace. His book - Drive: the Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us - was published in 2009 and very quickly became a bestseller with its focus on the importance and effectiveness of three intrinsic elements to motivation at work: autonomy, mastery and purpose.

Pink argues that the evidence of scientific studies on motivation and rewards suggests that, for any work task that involves most than the most basic cognitive challenge, basic financial reward systems simply do not work. In fact, they can lead to worse performance.

For simple, straightforward tasks, Pink concedes that traditional financial rewards or a carrot & stick approach to motivation DO work. These can be considered as "external" methods of motivation. They are simple and they still work.

He accepts that money is a motivator at work, but once people perceive that they are paid fairly, then they become much more motivated by intrinsic elements. Once people are paid fairly, they look for more from their work.

A summary of Pink's key points on the three intrinsic elements of motivation is provided below.

Pink: Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us


According to Pink, autonomy is the desire to direct our own lives. Pink argues that allowing employees autonomy runs counter to the traditional view of management which wants employees to "comply" with what is required of them.

However, if managers want employees to be more engaged in what they are doing (and they should - as tasks become more complicated) then allowing employees autonomy (self-direction is better).

Pink provides some examples of what he means by autonomy, summarising them into four main aspects: time, technique, team and task

For example, some firms allow employees to have time at the workplace to do whatever they want. This freedom to spend time doing their own thing leads to many more innovative ideas and solutions. A good example is Google which has benefited from numerous product ideas as a result of allowing developers to pursue individual projects during work time.

The growth of flexible working practices is another good example of allowing staff more autonomy. For example, providing the technology and freedom to work from home.

Pink is an advocate of greater use of teamwork as a means of facilitating autonomy, particularly where the team members themselves pick the team!


Pink describes mastery as the desire to continually improve at something that matters.

Pink argues that humans love to "get better at stuff" - they enjoy the satisfaction from personal achievement and progress. Allowing employees to enjoy a sense of progress at work contributes to their inner drive.

By contrast, a lack of opportunity at work for self-improvement or personal and professional development is liable to make employees more bored and demotivated

A key implication for managers to is to set tasks for employees that are neither too easy or excessively challenging. Pink calls such tasks "Goldilocks tasks) - ie. tasks that are not "too hot or too cold".

Goldilocks tasks push employees out of their comfort zones, and allow them to stretch themselves and develop their skills and experience further.


Pink describes purpose as the desire to do things in service of something larger than ourselves. Pink argues that people intrinsically want to do things that matter.

For example, entrepreneurs are often intrinsically motivated to "make a difference" rather than simply aiming for profit maximisation.

Most of us spend more than half our working hours at work. We want that time to matter.

So a key part of adding purpose to work is to ensure that the mission and goals of the organisation are properly communicated to employees. Employees need to know and understand these, and appreciate how their work and role fits into what the organisation is about.

RSA ANIMATE: Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us

How to find height of a triangle? what kind of sides go with tuna helper How to change a fraction to a decimal? How to get a sylveon in pokemon go? What sound does a frog make? what is a helper shopkin What are the tricks in descendants isle of the lost rush? What football games are on today? How to change the time on a fitbit? How to microwave ramen? How to change your location on iphone? How to tie karate belt? What does bottom mean? Experts tips how vintage jewelry? Magic tricks: floating in air/how? What does mvr mean in baseball? Tips how to deal with nervousness? What does ccw mean? What do yellow roses with red tips symbolize? How to cut water pipe tips in yard? janome 7330 how to put the thread helper on How to add numbers in excel? What does a double rainbow mean? How to clear stuffy nose? How to not cry when cutting onions? Katy perry when i'm gone meaning? What time does horror nights start? What are nose splints? How much does it cost to rebuild a transmission? How to learn dj tricks? How to help ibs? C# performance tricks: how to radically speed up your code? What do people need to view guitar tricks? What does nefarious mean? How to prepare sirloin tips? What does a computer scientist do? What does island boy mean? no matter how big these hands grow theyll always be daddys helper How to delete games on ps4? How many anonymous tips stop school shootings? How to drive a stick shift? What does it mean when your pee is clear? What does frot mean? What does the color blue mean spiritually? What does stomach cancer breath smell like? What does makayla mean? How many steak tips for 60 people? How to use excel for mac tricks? How to make brownies from scratch? Why are the tips of my rattlesnake plant turning brown? How to install carpet? How to get more pokeballs in pokemon go? What does casa mean? What does pimpin mean? What is the meaning of ira? What would wages, tips, other compensation be for 10,500.00? how to stop microsoft sdx helper 6mwe what does it mean? What is the best yoyo for tricks? What does dark poop mean? Tips on how to glow up? How to do easy non responsive yoyo tricks? What is the meaning of logos ethos and pathos? How to pickle beets? How to make armor stand? What is the meaning of third party car insurance? What type of skateboard is best for tricks? Why do the tips of my fingers go numb sometimes? What is the meaning of persuasive writing? What does puto mean in spanish? How to recover deleted texts on iphone? How to treat acid reflux? What is the literal meaning of the italian word "scherzo"? Cheat tricks on how to imporve cumulative gpa? How to stop taking metoprolol 25 mg? How to cure sciatica permanently? What can the devil speak true macbeth meaning? How to season a steak? What does deuces mean? What does mitch mcconnell want in the debt ceiling standoff? What is the meaning of concentration gradient? Golden state stimulus how to apply? How to make tomato paste? What does entp stand for? What does til mean? Tips when conducting narrative research? what is the companion app for video download helper? How do you clean your ears without q tips? What are nonrenewable resources? Tips on how to pack for a move? How to cut off skin tags painlessly? How to keep brake dust off aluminum wheels tricks? What is the meaning of the name erika? which download helper on firefox Where can i learn best magic tricks in the world? How long does it take to become a firefighter? What does gang gang mean? How to write a professional email? What percentage of people are left handed? How to tricks in puppy linux? What are the best things or tips for seniors to earn money? how does immunodeficiency virus invade t helper cells How to play mash? What does it mean when your shoulder hurts? What did cherry chapstick mean urban dictionary? What is the meaning of blood vessels in science? What is the meaning of the name irene? Which of the following describes the view that life is futile and devoid of meaning? How sterile are regular q tips? 92 little tricks how to talk to anyone pdf? How to get your taste buds back? What does rabbit taste like? What up doe slang meaning? What is the meaning of uncle sam? How do u turn tips off in minecraft? Tricks to knowing when to use a comma? how to open wii u helper What is the meaning of the song stan? What are wooden thing skateboarders do tricks on? What does inventory mean? Why are the tips of my fingers always cold? I love you for who you are meaning? How to get 18 inch tires on a set of rims easily tricks and tips? What does luis mean? What does your pancreas do? What is a baby deer called? What level does litwick evolve? How to make hair fluffy? How to enable bitcoin tips on twitter? How to draw water? What is the definition of tips? What you sow you reap meaning? What song is this lyrics? how to change your camp helper acpc pocket camp club What is the meaning of jazz music? How to eat avocado? What does 2222 mean spiritually? What is literal and nonliteral meaning? What is lead meaning? What does the fcc do? How long to bake chicken thighs? What does peg me meaning? What are your hobbies? What is meaning of ho ho ho? How to make lemon curd? What is treasury tips? if a disease destroyed a person’s helper t cells, how might this affect the immune response? What the future has in store meaning? What does allocate mean? What does the purple heart emoji mean? How to see tips postmates? How to connect logitech wireless keyboard? How to whiten nail tips naturally? What does trd mean? Why are the tips of my fingers white and numb why are the tips of my fingers white and numb? How many seasons for new tricks? How to cook rice in a pot? What is military time? How to get remote raid pass? How to fix stick drift xbox one? What is crohn's disease? What does chu mean? What does snm mean in text? What does beaner mean? How to make post shareable on facebook? What are math tricks to learn the facts? dragon blaze which paladin helper set to buy What are the dimensions? Tips on how to paint ceilings? How to draw hands easy? How to evolve milcery? How to close apps on android? what xheese isnon hamburger helper What does an employment background check show? How to marinate pork chops? what should an electritions helper resume lokeok li What is central time? how does a macrophage present the antigen to t-helper cells What is the meaning of dragon tattoo? How to read piano sheet music? What is the meaning of retroperitoneal? What does break a leg mean? How to scissor? How long to bake salmon at 425? What does bub mean in a relationship? What is the meaning of swift in banking? How to hide caller id on iphone? What does green light mean? What are the glutes muscles? What are french tips? What is the meaning of rodrigo? What does carol mean? How to help a constipated baby? What does ambitious mean? What does news stand for? How to be single? How to pronounce faux? What does a.m. and p.m. stand for? What does candor mean? How to tell which ear is causing vertigo? What does gonorrhea feel like? How to change a pdf to word? I wonder what tricks he has up his sleeve? What does remove miner mean on tiktok? How to find mass percent? How to cancel adobe subscription? What does dcfs stand for? What does diagnosed mean? How to renew your mind tips tricks? What does checo mean? What does rolling in the deep mean? How to stop overthinking in a relationship? Planning tips how prepare next escape? What time does the nba game come on? What does service stabilitrak mean? How to see who viewed your tiktok? How to plant? What are a levels? What is the meaning of a white owl? What does magsafe mean? What does the name grace mean? How to know when shrimp is done? What does a rutabaga look like? What is dawn? How hack wifi in easies tricks? What does it take to impeach a president of the united states? What does zero sum game mean? What does ineffable mean? What does standby mean? What is the meaning of the name thomas? What is the meaning of blue aura? Tips on how to win the trail? What does pcp mean? How to date a cowboy tips? What is the meaning of gerund? What does 333 angel number mean? What is tin? where to buy microwave hamburger helper in st peters mo What is the meaning of fubu? Tips on how to get your friends with benefits into him wanting a relationship? What does it mean when a plant has brown tips? How to edit instagram post? What does dismissed mean? How to draw itachi? What does aristocrat mean? What does isolation mean? How to cut laminate flooring? What does septic mean in medical terms? How to cook eggs in the microwave? What are the bases? What does a fisher cat sound like? How to cook pheasant? what cell types other than t helper cells express cd4 how to apply for helper on kookycraftmc Tricks to cover wood grain cabinets when painting? What is a good night of tips? How to turn off emergency alerts? How to stop eye twitching? How to look up robery tips red dead? What is denotative and connotative meaning? How to ask for tips on onlyfans? Here's how meaning? How big is ukraine compared to texas? What does a pulled groin feel like? How to delete a message in messenger? What time does outer banks season 2 come out? How to find airtag?